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BRICS 2015 - Press Releases

BRAZIL

Brazil cai em Ranking de Universidades da QS: BRICS 2015


Para ver o ranking completo, acesse Top Universities.com #QSWUR

 

Londres,  8 de Julho:  

A terceira edição do ranking de universidades dos BRICS, publicada pela empresa britânica QS, constatou que a China tem ampliado seu domínio no que se refere à educação superior quando comparada aos demais países do bloco. As universidades chinesas tomaram sete dos dez primeiros lugares da lista, incluindo as duas primeiras posições.

Mais de um quarto das universidades no novo ranking – e 39 dentre as 100 primeiras – são da China. Estas instituições superam consideravelmente o número de representantes de outros países, especialmente na primeira metade da classificação.

Dentre as 200 melhores, 27 universidades brasileiras caíram de posições em relação ao ano passado, enquanto 12 melhoraram e uma foi listada pela primeira vez.

Contudo, a boa notícia para o país é que o mesmo número de instituições brasileiras estão entre as 50 melhores do BRICS, com uma universidade a mais dentre as 200 melhores, em comparação ao ano de 2014.

 

País de origem das instituições ranqueadas

Top 10

Top 20

Top 50

Top 100

Top 200

Top 400

Brasil

1

2

10

18

40

93

Russia

1

2

7

20

53

93

India

1

5

9

15

31

94

China

7

9

21

39

67

110

Africa do Sul

0

1

4

8

11

14

           

404

O ranking QS de universidades da América Latina, publicado em Maio de 2015, já havia demonstrado que o Brasil conta com as melhores universidades da região. Agora, o ranking dos BRICS confirma esta posição do país enquanto potência global no ensino superior.
A universidade mais bem colocada é a Universidade de São Paulo (USP), que desceu duas classificações no ranking, indo para o nono lugar. Em seguida, vem a Unicamp, que perdeu três posições, chegando ao 12º lugar.


 

As 10 melhores universidades no ranking QS de universidades BRICS 2015

2015

2014

Instituição

País

  1 

  1 

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY

CN

  2 

  2 

PEKING UNIVERSITY

CN

  3 

  5 

FUDAN UNIVERSITY

CN

  4 

  3 

LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

RU

  5 

-

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE BANGALORE

IN

  6=

  8 

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

CN

  6=

  4 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHINA

CN

  8 

  6 

NANJING UNIVERSITY

CN

  9 

  7 

UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO (USP)

BR

  10 

  14 

BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY

CN

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com


 

Esses rankings fornecem algumas indicações quanto ao lugar do Brasil no mundo do conhecimento. Uma delas é quanto à internacionalização das universidades, cujos níveis são medidos através da porcentagem de estudantes e professores internacionais. Na análise da QS de 2015, o Brasil está longe de ser um ímã para estudantes internacionais, mesmo se comparado aos modestos padrões das nações do BRICS. A universidade brasileira melhor colocada para estudantes internacionais este ano é a Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), que ainda assim é a 96ª instituição dentre todas as outras da região do BRICS neste critério. Nenhuma outra universidade brasileira aparece entre as 100 com mais estudantes internacionais e a maioria nem sequer se classifica entre as 200 universidades da região neste quesito.

 

As Universidades Brasileiras que se encontram entre as 50 Melhores

  9 

  7 

UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO (USP)

  12 

  9=

UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS (UNICAMP)

  25 

  21=

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO DE JANEIRO

  27 

  30 

UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL PAULISTA "JÚLIO DE MESQUITA FILHO" (UNESP)

  37 

  32 

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SÃO PAULO (UNIFESP)

  41 

  40 

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS GERAIS

  42 

  38 

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

  47=

  43 

PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DE SÃO PAULO (PUC-SP)

  47=

  45 

PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC – RIO

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

O quadro melhora bastante quando se analisa o número de professores internacionais. Nesse critério, a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul é a primeira colocada dentre as instituições do BRICS e 16 universidades brasileiras ficam entre as 100 primeiras.

 

O prestígio internacional do sistema universitário brasileiro é reforçado por sua ampla produção acadêmica. O banco de dados de publicações Scopus mostra que a Unicamp e a USP são as 15ª e 16ª instituições, respectivamente, na região do BRICS por número de pesquisa por acadêmicos, sendo que 13 universidades brasileiras encontram-se entre as primeiras 100. Entretanto, é possível observar que muitas das universidades brasileiras piores classificadas no ranking geral do BRICS apresentaram queda neste quesito em relação ao ano passado.

 

Outro indicador utilizado para saber o sucesso da produção acadêmica é a medida de quão frequente as publicações de cada universidade são citadas, analisando as informações do banco de dados da Scopus. Neste caso, a USP e a Unicamp ficaram em 59º e 73º da região do BRICS, atrás de outras universidades brasileiras como a Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) e a Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ). As duas últimas universidades conquistaram a 29ª e a 36ª posição, respectivamente. O resultado sugere que a pesquisa brasileira, apesar de ampla, ainda não produz grande impacto global.

 

O mais importante dos oito pontos avaliados pelo ranking do BRICS é a pesquisa global com os especialistas da área. Esse quesito é responsável por 30% dos pontos totais possíveis para cada universidade. Nele, o Brasil é bem avaliado, com a USP e a Unicamp no terceiro e nono lugares respectivamente, bem à frente de suas posições finais no ranking geral. Além delas, 18 outras universidades brasileiras constam entre as 100 melhores. A conclusão indica que, apesar do impacto limitado da produção acadêmica brasileira, estas universidades são atores importantes no cenário mundial, competindo no mesmo nível com instituições chinesas e de outras potências do BRICS quanto a tal reconhecimento.

 

A USP e a Unicamp também encontram-se em altas posições – em 6º e 10º, respectivamente - na pesquisa de reconhecimento por parte dos empregadores, que atribui 20% da pontuação total que a universidade pode atingir no ranking. Contudo, as universidades do país mais próximas a elas estão no 36º e 38º lugares, o que demonstra ser um ponto fraco na educação superior brasileira. Em comparação, existem cinco universidades chinesas entre as 10 melhores universidades na opinião de empregadores.

 

Por fim, os últimos pontos usados para compilar o ranking tem como intenção medir a amplitude e profundidade da oferta acadêmica das universidades. Primeiro, olhou-se a porcentagem do quadro de professores com PhD (doutorado) de cada instituição, já que o título é prova de excelência da carreira acadêmica. Pelo menos sete das universidades brasileiras demonstraram uma pontuação perfeita neste quesito. 

 

Em um segundo momento, é avaliado a proporção entre professores/estudantes das universidades como uma forma de medir a qualidade do contato que os estudantes possam vir a ter com o quadro de professores e, indiretamente, medir o número de estudantes por sala de aula. Neste ítem, nenhum dos países consegue se igualar à Rússia, que ficou com os 11 primeiros lugares. Mas as universidades brasileiras menos conhecidas itnernacionalmente apresentam uma proporção boa, com a Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG) atingindo o 13º lugar neste quesito, sendo uma das 13 universidades do país dentre as 100 melhores. Como é visto em todas as nações do mundo, as universidades de elite do país não são as que apresentam as melhores proporções estudante/professores. A USP, por exemplo, fica em 155º e a Unicamp em 192º em tal avaliação dentre outras instituições do BRICS.

 

RUSSIA

Russian universities shine in QS University Rankings: BRICS

 

Published today at Top Universities.com

 

London, 8th of July 2015- The QS University Rankings: BRICS published today on www.TopUniversities.com compares the Top 400 institutions in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, five major emerging national economies.

The ranking is published shortly after the Chinese Parliament has ratified the creation of the BRICS Development Bank. The agreement has already been ratified in India and Russia. 
The New Development Bank, also known as the BRICS Bank, will finance infrastructure and development projects in BRICS countries, which are likely to include higher education related investments to further increase the global competitiveness of these economies.

 

# of institutions ranked among

Top 10

Top 20

Top 50

Top 100

Top 200

Top 400

Brazil

1

2

10

18

40

93

Russia

1

2

7

20

53

93

India

1

5

9

15

31

94

China

7

9

21

39

67

110

South Africa

0

1

4

8

11

14

           

404

 

China takes seven of the top 10 places while Brazil, India and Russia have one apiece and South Africa none.

 

Top 10 universities in QS University Rankings: BRICS 2015

2015

2014

Institution

Country

  1 

  1 

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY

CN

  2 

  2 

PEKING UNIVERSITY

CN

  3 

  5 

FUDAN UNIVERSITY

CN

  4 

  3 

LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

RU

  5 

-

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE BANGALORE

IN

  6=

  8 

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

CN

  6=

  4 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHINA

CN

  8 

  6 

NANJING UNIVERSITY

CN

  9 

  7 

UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO (USP)

BR

  10 

  14 

BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY

CN

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

 

 

Leading Russian universities have made progress in the new QS ranking for the BRICS countries, with the majority of

those in the top 100 improving their positions since 2014.

 

Lomonosov Moscow State University remains in the top four and, while there are only two other Russian universities in the top 20 - Saint-Petersburg State University and Novosibirsk State University - the country provides a fifth of the top 100 institutions. With the ranking doubled in size this year, Russia now has more than 90 representatives. But the number in the top 200 remains unchanged, at 53.

 

Lomonosov is the perennial leader, standing just outside the top 100 in the QS World University Rankings. In the new BRICS ranking, it is rated in the top 10 by both academics and employers, and is in the top four for its staffing levels.

However, the country’s universities throughout the ranking lag on the measures of research publication, where the natural tendency to publish in Russian is a handicap.

No Russian university appears in the top 100 for the number of papers per faculty member, and only the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI) – which bucks the trend spectacularly by finishing first – is in the top 100 for citations.

 

TOP 10 Russian universities in QS University Rankings: BRICS

2015

2014

Institution

  4 

  3 

LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

  15 

  12 

SAINT-PETERSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY

  19 

  18 

NOVOSIBIRSK STATE UNIVERSITY

  35 

  36 

BAUMAN MOSCOW STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

  39 

  35 

MOSCOW STATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS – MGIMO UNIVERSITY

  44 

  47=

TOMSK STATE UNIVERSITY

  45 

  52 

MOSCOW INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY STATE UNIVERSITY

  51 

  57 

NATIONAL RESEARCH NUCLEAR UNIVERSITY "MEPHI"

(MOSCOW ENGINEERING PHYSICS INSTITUTE)

  60 

  47=

ST. PETERSBURG STATE POLYTECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

  63 

  58 

NATIONAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITY - HIGHER SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS (HSE)

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

 

Russia has been the main driving force behind QS’s BRICS ranking. The first edition was commissioned by Russia’s education ministry and three ministers spoke at the launch of the exercise in Moscow. Dmitry Livanov, the Minister of Education and Science, said he believed it would be an important step towards greater international collaboration, as well as a means of comparison.

 

INDIA

India improves performance in QS University Rankings: BRICS 2015
IISc Bangalore is the leading Indian institution

To view the complete rankings:  Top Universities.com  #QSWUR

Live launch event in New Delhi

London, July 8th 2015 – The QS University Rankings: BRICS published today on www.TopUniversities.com compares the Top 400 institutions in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, five major emerging national economies.

The ranking is published shortly after the Chinese Parliament has ratified the creation of the BRICS Development Bank. The agreement has already been ratified in India and Russia. 
The New Development Bank, also known as the BRICS Bank, will finance infrastructure and development projects in BRICS countries, which are likely to include higher education related investments to further increase the global competitiveness of these economies.

Martin Ince, convenor of the QS global academic advisory board says: “The BRICS nations … share a desire to grow in economic and political importance without copying the Western model of development. This ranking exists to see how this ambition is being reflected in their university systems.”

The 2015 results confirm that China is strengthening its dominant position. India has seen a rise of more than 50 per cent in the number of institutions listed in the top 200 in the latest ranking 31 versus 20.

With the extension of the ranking to Top 400, India has virtually the same number of institutions included as Russia and Brazil, but 63 of them are placed among the bottom half of the rankings. The leading Indian universities do well in the surveys of academics and employers and in the proportion of staff with a PhD, but are handicapped by their staffing levels, citations and international students.

# of institutions ranked among

Top 10

Top 20

Top 50

Top 100

Top 200

Top 400

Brazil

1

2

10

18

40

93

Russia

1

2

7

20

53

93

India

1

5

9

15

31

94

China

7

9

21

39

67

110

South Africa

0

1

4

8

11

14

           

404

China claims seven of the top 10 places, ahead of Brazil, Russia and India, with one apiece.  Russia with 53 institutions in the top 200 is second only to China (67). Yet only seven Russian institutions make the top 50, fewer China (21), Brazil (10), and India (9).

Top 10 universities in QS University Rankings: BRICS 2015

2015

2014

Institution

Country

  1 

  1 

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY

CN

  2 

  2 

PEKING UNIVERSITY

CN

  3 

  5 

FUDAN UNIVERSITY

CN

  4 

  3 

LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

RU

  5 

-

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE BANGALORE

IN

  6=

  8 

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

CN

  6=

  4 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHINA

CN

  8 

  6 

NANJING UNIVERSITY

CN

  9 

  7 

UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO (USP)

BR

  10 

  14 

BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY

CN

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

 

Dr Karthick Sridhar, Vice Chairman, Indian Centre for Academic Rankings & Excellence (ICARE) says: “The quality of leading Indian universities can be underestimated by international rankings due to the incompleteness of the data submitted by some of these institutions.”

More complete data from universities in India has been responsible for much of the improvement in India’s performance. Shri Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India, appealed to the country’s universities to make fuller submissions to ranking organisations after a briefing on the QS Asian ranking in 2014. His words appear to have an effect.

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), in Bangalore, the country’s top-placed representative which has come straight into the ranking in the top five in the first year in which it has submitted a full set of data.

IISc  Bangalore published the largest number of research papers per faculty member at any university in the five BRICS countries and was among the leaders in terms of academic reputation and for the proportion of staff holding a PhD.

 

Indian universities in Top 100

  5 

-

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE BANGALORE

  13 

  13 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DELHI (IITD)

  16 

  15 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BOMBAY (IITB)

  18 

  16 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR (IITK)

  20 

  17 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MADRAS (IITM)

  24 

  20 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR (IITKGP)

  43 

  37 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ROORKEE (IITR)

  46 

  39 

UNIVERSITY OF DELHI

  50 

  53 

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GUWAHATI (IITG)

  52 

  50 

UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA

  58 

  68 

UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

  78 

  76=

UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS

  93=

  84 

BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

  95 

  90=

BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE

  97 

  85=

MANIPAL UNIVERSITY

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015  www.TopUniversities.com

Four Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) join IIS in the top 20, although only IIT Delhi has maintained its position since last year. The University of Delhi is the country’s top-placed university, although it, too, has slipped since 2014.

Of those in the top 100, the University of Mumbai has made the most progress, improving its position by 10 places; IIT Guwahati is another to move up the BRICS ranking.

The newcomers in the top 200 include the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, and the universities of Calicut and Mysore, as well as the Aligarh Muslim University and GP Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, in Pantnagar, all of which are in the BRICS top 150. The remaining five Indian universities entering the top 200 are in the 151-200 band.

Ben Sowter, QS head of research says: “UNESCO estimates that the BRICS nations account for over 39% of the higher education students globally. The scale of the demographic, economic and political forces at play explains the acceleration and growth of the higher education systems in these countries. Sustained government investment is supporting the development of world-class universities as well as of a mass higher education system, which with the exception of Russia, is still at an early stage in these ambitious nations.”

 

CHINA

中国统领《QS金砖五国大学排名2015

 

查看完整排名:Top Universities.com #QSWUR

 

中国在第三版的《QS金砖五国大学排名》中进一步巩固了其统治地位,以7所高校入选前十名,前三名也均由中国大学获得。

 

在此全新的排名中超过四分之一的大学以及前100名中的39所来自于中国。中国大学在该排名中的数量远超过其它任何一个金砖国家,该现象在排名的上游更为明显。

 

各国入选排名的学校数

10

20

50

100

200

400

巴西Brazil

1

2

10

18

40

93

俄罗斯Russia

1

2

7

20

53

93

印度India

1

5

9

15

31

94

中国China

7

9

21

39

67

110

南非South Africa

0

1

4

8

11

14

           

404

 

和2014年一样,清华大学问鼎该排名,北京大学紧随其后。由于采用不同的指标及权重,该名次与《QS亚洲大学排名》恰好相反。清华大学得益于《金砖五国排名》对拥有博士学位的教研人员这一指标的纳入,同时其每个教研人员的学术文献数量也超过其同城对手。

 
这两所被视为中国最好的大学在各项排名中从来都竞争激烈。在中华人民共和国教育部的排名中,北京大学在16项学科中名列第一,清华大学则在14项学科中居首。

 
在该排名中,这两所大学之间仅有3分的区别。北京大学在学者及雇主的声誉调查项略领先,而清华大学则拥有更好的工作人员,更高的出版率以及更多拥有博士学位的学术人员。

 

QS金砖五国大学排名2015

2015

2014

学校

国家

  1 

  1 

清华大学

中国

  2 

  2 

北京大学

中国

  3 

  5 

复旦大学

中国

  4 

  3 

莫斯科国立大学

俄罗斯

  5 

-

印度科学理工学院

印度

  6=

  8 

上海交通大学

中国

  6=

  4 

中国科学技术大学

中国

  8 

  6 

南京大学

中国

  9 

  7 

圣保罗大学

巴西

  10 

  14 

北京师范大学

中国

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com


 

 
在排名前十中除了北大清华外,复旦大学上升至第三,上海交通大学上升两位到第六,北京师范大学上升四位位居第十。武汉大学一举上升16个名次进入排名前20。

 

入选前50的中国大学

  1 

  1 

清华大学

  2 

  2 

北京大学

  3 

  5 

复旦大学

  6=

  8 

上海交通大学

  6=

  4 

中国科学技术大学

  8 

  6 

南京大学

  10 

  14 

北京师范大学

  11 

  11 

浙江大学

  17 

  33 

武汉大学

  21 

  21=

中山大学

  22 

  19 

西安交通大学

  23 

  27=

哈尔滨工业大学

  26 

  23 

同济大学

  28=

  24 

人民大学

  30 

  26 

北京航空航天大学

  31 

  25 

南开大学

  32=

  27=

北京理工大学

  32=

  29 

上海大学

  36 

  41 

天津大学

  38 

  54 

华中科技大学

  40 

  42 

厦门大学

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com


 

 

在排名的下游,最显著的上升来自于西安交通利物浦大学,从去年的未入围榜单到今年的上升58位进入前200。这是该排名中唯一一所与国外院校全面合作办学的中国高校。

 

并不是所有的中国大学都在新排名中提高了名次,入选前50的21所学校中仅有8所取得了名次上的上升。尽管如此,中国高校总体的优异表现显示了过去20年间对重点大学的大量投资已开始获得回报。

 

早在1995年,当时第一届全球排名尚未发布,中国政府就开启了211工程以提升最有潜力大学的研究水准。仅在该工程的前4年超过20亿美元被投资到约100所大学。

 

三年之后,39所大学被选择加入985工程,以成为世界级学府为目的。2009年,该策略更进一步,9所高校被选择结为九校联盟,立志于取得进一步的卓越成就。九校联盟现在拥有中国3%的研究人员,但获得10%的科研资金。盟校创造了中国20%的研究文献以及30%的引用。

 

所有九校联盟的盟校均进入该金砖国家大学排名的前25,尽管有三所盟校较去年名次略有下降。仅有三所非盟校大学:北京师范大学、中山大学及武汉大学,名列九校联盟盟校之前。

 

一项经合组织近期就全球科学状况的报告揭示了美国当前比中国在科研发展中支出更多。在2012年,中国支出2940亿美元,少于美国的4540亿美元支出。中国预计将在2020年前在该指标上超越欧盟及美国,中国计划将2.5%的国内生产总值用于科研。在2012年中国已经支出将近2%。

 

至今为止,中国的研究质量尚未能比拟其产量。但该新排名显示了一些中国的重点大学在该领域中同样具有竞争力:复旦大学、南开大学、南京大学以及中国科学技术大学都在该排名的引用项中排名前十,同时北京大学、清华大学、复旦大学、上海交通大学以及浙江大学被学者选入前十。

 

尽管有特例,中国大学普遍在工作人员等级上表现不佳:仅有5所大学在金砖国家中排名前100.

 

大多数中国大学同样在国际学生数量上表现较弱,尽管近年来在这方面的努力有特别加强。

 

政府在2020年前30万国际学生的初期目标早已被达到。根据教育部数据在2014年该数字达到了377,000,较2013年增长了5.77%。然而,该数字在一些传统的强势国家却停滞不前,比如韩国—中国高校最大的国际学生来源。从一定角度讲来自印度的15%增长弥补了这方面的不足。

 

尽管中国的大学越发地成功,仍有越来越多的年轻人选择出国留学:近46万人在2014年在海外留学。该排名或许会令部分人在离开祖国前深思熟虑:雇主们根据其雇佣应届生的经验,将北京大学、清华大学、复旦大学及上海交通大学评选为金砖国家中的四所顶尖学府。

 

SOUTH AFRICA

QS University Rankings: BRICS

Eleven South African universities make Top 200

To view the complete rankings:  Top Universities.com

 #QSWUR

London, July 8th 2015 – The QS University Rankings: BRICS published today on www.TopUniversities.com compares the Top 400 institutions in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, five major emerging national economies.

The ranking is published shortly after the Chinese Parliament has ratified the creation of the BRICS Development Bank. The agreement has already been ratified in India and Russia. 
The New Development Bank, also known as the BRICS Bank, will finance infrastructure and development projects in BRICS countries, which are likely to include higher education related investments to further increase the global competitiveness of these economies.

Martin Ince, convenor of the QS global academic advisory board says: “The BRICS nations … share a desire to grow in economic and political importance without copying the Western model of development. This ranking exists to see how this ambition is being reflected in their university systems.”

The 2015 results confirm that China is strengthening its dominant position while India has seen a rise of more than 50 per cent in the number of institutions listed in the top 200 in the latest ranking 31 versus 20

# of institutions ranked among

Top 10

Top 20

Top 50

Top 100

Top 200

Top 400

Brazil

1

2

10

18

40

93

Russia

1

2

7

20

53

93

India

1

5

9

15

31

94

China

7

9

21

39

67

110

South Africa

0

1

4

8

11

14

           

404

.China takes seven of the top 10 places while Brazil, India and Russia have one apiece and South Africa none.

 

Top 10 universities in QS University Rankings: BRICS 2015

2015

2014

Institution

Country

  1 

  1 

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY

CN

  2 

  2 

PEKING UNIVERSITY

CN

  3 

  5 

FUDAN UNIVERSITY

CN

  4 

  3 

LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

RU

  5 

-

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE BANGALORE

IN

  6=

  8 

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

CN

  6=

  4 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHINA

CN

  8 

  6 

NANJING UNIVERSITY

CN

  9 

  7 

UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO (USP)

BR

  10 

  14 

BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY

CN

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

 

Martin Ince comments: “South Africa is the smallest of the BRICS nations by some distance. Its population of 54 million would add up to a single province in China, home to 1.37 billion people. In addition, South Africa has ferocious social and political problems to which there is no overnight solution. But it is also a technologically advanced nation, and the richest per capita in Africa.”

In the QS World University Rankings, South Africa emerges by a wide margin as the continent’s leading power in higher education. This finding is confirmed by its standing in the QS World University Rankings by Subject. Here South African institutions took 62 places in 2015.

This new ranking looks at how the Rainbow Nation’s universities compare to those in the other growing nations that comprise the BRICS region.

 

South African Universities in  QS University Rankings: BRICS

  14 

  9=

UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN

  28=

  31 

UNIVERSITY OF THE WITWATERSRAND

  34 

  34 

STELLENBOSCH UNIVERSITY

  49 

  46 

UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA

  67 

  63 

UNIVERSITY OF JOHANNESBURG

  68 

  60=

UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL

  79 

  76=

RHODES UNIVERSITY

  100 

  92 

UNIVERSITY OF THE WESTERN CAPE

121-130

101-110

UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE

151-200

151-200

NELSON MANDELA METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY

151-200

151-200

NORTH-WEST UNIVERSITY

  201+

  201+

UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

  201+

  201+

UNIVERSITY OF LIMPOPO

  201+

  201+

UNIVERSITY OF ZULULAND

© QS Quacquarelli Symonds 2004-2015 www.TopUniversities.com

South Africa’s top university, Cape Town, is in 14th place in the QS University Rankings:BRICS , down five from 2014. UCT is the country’s top institution on almost any measure, and is the best-placed of 11 South African universities among the top 200. T

This means that South Africa has 5.5 per cent of the BRICS’ top universities despite comprising only 1.7 per cent of the population of the BRICS nations. In addition, eight of these 11 are in the top 100.

However, it is also notable that of these 11, seven are in a lower position in our BRICS ranking than in 2014. As with UCT, most of the falls are slight. However, the University of the Free State has fallen from the 101-110 bracket to 121-130, while the University of Kwazulu-Natal is down eight places from 60 to 68.

South Africa’s success in these rankings is due in part to its continuing links to Europe and the US, reinforced after the end of apartheid by a new willingness to engage with South Africa on the part of developed world academics. 

Proof of these close international connections can be found in the survey of global academic reputation which accounts for 30 per cent of each university’s possible score in this ranking. With some minor exceptions, all South African institutions fare better in this survey than in the ranking overall. For example, the University of Pretoria is 49th in this ranking but comes 29th in the BRICS region for academic reputation.

A clearer idea of the problems facing South Africa’s universities emerges from our analysis of their faculty/student ratio. The best-performing South African institution here is the University of Johannesburg. It is placed 164th in the BRICS region on this measure. Cape Town is at 184 and no other South African university is above 200 and five are below 300. These are poor results which have been getting poorer. Nine of the 11 institutions we list from South Africa have fallen on this measure since 2014.

Managers of these universities argue that their faculty/student ratio is essentially set by government, which presses them to admit more students but does not fund them well enough to hire more staff. These tricky educational economics mean, too, that South Africa’s academics are not well-paid by world standards. As a result, many do not have a PhD. Even Cape Town is 158th in the BRICS region on this measure, down 40 from last year. South Africa’s top performer here, Stellenbosch, is up 38 places to 130, still a far from successful outcome.

Despite these issues, there are signs that South African universities are of international standing. Cape Town, Witwatersrand, Stellenbosch, Johannesburg and Kwazulu-Natal have among the highest percentages of international faculty in the entire BRICS region, well ahead of major universities in the other four BRICS nations. They are also good at bringing in international students, with Rhodes and Cape Town especially strong on this measure. This is especially impressive because South Africa is one nation whose government does not push universities to import students. Instead, it presses them to keep places available for home students in the light of the country’s severe need for trained professionals.

 


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